Electroluminescent Polymer Systems

Abstract

This chapter discusses the development of electroluminescent polymer systems. A typical design of a polymer light emitting devices (LED) is shown. Light emitting device and mechanism for light emission are discussed. The first highly structured electroluminescent polymer, poly(p-phenylene vinylene) (PPV), a green-yellow emitter, was prepared via a precursor route because its insolubility in poly reactions resulted in only oligomeric materials. An important soluble precursor route for PPV and related polymers involves the polymerization of 1,4-bis(chloromethyl or bromomethyl) arenes by treatment with potassium-t-butoxide in nonhydroxylic solvents like tetrahydrofuran. Illustrative examples of EL structures exploring the concept of conjugation confinement are shown. The synthesis of polymers with high electron affinity as the solution processable poly(cyanoterephthalydene)s which are derivatives of PPV with cyano groups attached to the vinylic carbons has provided the material necessary to complement the existing hole transport PPVs. Poly(p-phenylene) (PPP) is an interesting material for electrooptical applications. Polyfluorenes were introduced as a prospective emitting layer for polymer LEDs. Polythiophene and substituted polythiophenes can be prepared by chemical or electrochemical routes. Due to their strong electron-acceptor character, nitrogen-containing groups of various kinds have been incorporated to conjugated polymeric structures. The interest in silicon-based polymers resides in the delocalization of the σ electrons over a Si backbone providing electronically analogous properties to the π-conjugated polymers.

Cite this page

References (380)

About this content

Title
Electroluminescent Polymer Systems
Book Title
Physical Properties of Polymers Handbook
Book DOI
10.1007/978-0-387-69002-5
Chapter DOI
10.1007/978-0-387-69002-5_47
Part of
Volume
Editors
  • James E. Mark Send Email (1)
  • Editor Affiliation
  • 1 Department of Chemistry, University of Cincinnati, Crosley Tower, Martin Luther King Drive, 45221-0172, Cincinnati, OH
  • Authors
  • Leni Akcelrud (2)
  • Author Affiliation
  • 2 Departamento de Quimica, Centro Politecnico da UFPR, Universidade Federal do Parana, CP 19081, CEP 81531-990, Curitiba, Parana, Brazil
  • Cite this content

    Citation copied