Metal Oxide Nanocrystals and Their Properties for Application in Solar Cells

Abstract

Metal oxides have been of interest in processing, synthesis, characterization, and fabrication in both polymer-inorganic hybrid and dye-sensitized solar cells. TiO2 [1–5], ZnO [6–9], CuO [10], and Nb2O5 [11] have been used as effective charge transport medium in solar cells. Different morphologies of these metal oxides have been synthesized for better charge transport across solar cells. These metal oxide nanostructures are chosen to provide large interfacial area and enhance charge transport across active layer. Metal oxide-based inorganic nanostructures can also improve environmental stability to cells, which is a major cause of degradation in cell performance. In this section, commonly used metal oxides (e.g., TiO2, ZnO, Nb2O5, and CuO) will be discussed for their role in fabrication of polymer solar cells.

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Title
Metal Oxide Nanocrystals and Their Properties for Application in Solar Cells
Book Title
Handbook of Nanomaterials Properties
Book DOI
10.1007/978-3-642-31107-9
Chapter DOI
10.1007/978-3-642-31107-9_28
Part of
Volume
Editors
  • Bharat Bhushan Send Email (1)
  • Dan Luo Send Email (2)
  • Scott R. Schricker Send Email (3)
  • Wolfgang Sigmund Send Email (4)
  • Stefan Zauscher Send Email (5)
  • Editor Affiliation
  • 1 Nanoprobe Laboratory for Bio- & Nanotechnology and Biomimetics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA
  • 2 Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • 3 Division of Restorative, Prosthetic and Primary Care, The Ohio State University, College of Dentistry, Columbus, Ohio, USA
  • 4 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA
  • 5 Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA
  • Authors
  • Ashish Dubey Send Email (6)
  • Jiantao Zai Send Email (7)
  • Xuefeng Qian Send Email (7)
  • Qiquan Qiao Send Email (6)
  • Author Affiliation
  • 6 Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, Center for Advanced Photovoltaics, DEH 219, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD, 57007, USA
  • 7 School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Metal Matrix Composites, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai, 200240, China
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