Transition Metal Complexes for Hydrogen Activation

Abstract

Hydrogen activation is a very important industrial process for hydrogenation reactions and ammonia production. The hydrogen splitting and hydride transfer process can be classified as homolytic and heterolytic cleavage of molecular hydrogen on mono- and multinuclear transition metal centers. Hydrogenase enzymes have inspired researchers in the field of organometallic chemistry to develop small molecule structural models of active sites and thus to mimic the biological system to activate molecular hydrogen. Multinuclear cluster complexes, including those containing heavy main group metals, can bind hydrogen molecule under mild conditions in a reversible fashion. This chapter aims at providing introductory review to cover various types of transition metal complexes that can split molecular hydrogen. The interaction between hydrogen molecule and metal centers, which determines the distance between two hydrogen atoms, will affect hydrogen splitting. The mechanism of such interactions will be discussed in details. Hydrogenation reactions catalyzed by transition metal complexes or heterogeneous nanocatalysts derived from metal cluster complexes will also be introduced.

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Title
Transition Metal Complexes for Hydrogen Activation
Book Title
Nanostructured Materials for Next-Generation Energy Storage and Conversion
Book DOI
10.1007/978-3-662-53514-1
Chapter DOI
10.1007/978-3-662-53514-1_2
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Volume
Editors
  • Ying-Pin Chen Send Email (1)
  • Sajid Bashir Send Email (2)
  • Jingbo Louise Liu Send Email (3)
  • Editor Affiliation
  • 1 Department of Chemistry, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA
  • 2 Department of Chemistry, Texas A&M University–Kingsville, Kingsville, Texas, USA
  • 3 Department of Chemistry, Texas A&M University–Kingsville, Kingsville, Texas, USA
  • Authors
  • Yuwei Kan Send Email (4) (5)
  • Qiang Zhang Send Email (5)
  • Author Affiliation
  • 4 Department of Chemistry, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA
  • 5 Department of Chemistry, Washington State University, Pullman, WA, 99164-1067, USA
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