Polymer Nanocomposites for Structure and Construction Applications

Abstract

Polymer nanocomposites are revolutionizing the world of structure and construction nowadays. Since long time unreinforced polymer composites are being used in the construction industry in non-load-bearing applications such as trimmings, kitchenware, cladding, etc. In the last decade, polymer nanocomposites continue to rise into the construction industry for load-bearing applications all over the world due to its reinforcing ability. Potential advantages of polymer nanocomposite (PNC) are high specific strength and stiffness, durability, good fatigue performance, versatile fabrication, and lower maintenance costs, and these win the attention of structure and construction engineers. PNCs are being explored in applications such as alternative reinforcement for concrete, rehabilitation and retrofit and, in rare cases, entire fiber composite structures. In the PNC category, new-generation carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) composites are the engineer’s delight due to their superior corrosion resistance, excellent thermomechanical properties, resilience, translucency, lightness, and ease of processing. In CFRP polymer matrix and reinforcing fiber interact with each other and provide excellent properties, where fiber supports in strengthening and stiffening the structure, whereas matrix binds the fibers together and transfers the stress from one fiber to another. It is also possible to introduce the fibers in the polymer matrix in a certain position, direction, and volume to obtain the maximum reinforcement efficiency. In this chapter development of advanced CFRP materials and their uses in civil engineering applications will be discussed.

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Title
Polymer Nanocomposites for Structure and Construction Applications
Book Title
Properties and Applications of Polymer Nanocomposites
Book DOI
10.1007/978-3-662-53517-2
Chapter DOI
10.1007/978-3-662-53517-2_3
Part of
Volume
Editors
  • Deba Kumar Tripathy Send Email (1)
  • Bibhu Prasad Sahoo Send Email (2)
  • Editor Affiliation
  • 1 Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology, KIIT University, Odisha, India
  • 2 School of Applied Sciences, KIIT University, Odisha, India
  • Authors
  • Moumita Naskar Send Email (3)
  • Author Affiliation
  • 3 Central Power Research Institute, Bangalore, Karnataka, 560080, India
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