Landolt-Börnstein - Group VIII Advanced Materials and Technologies

6 New liquid hydrocarbon fuels

Abstract

In consideration of international efforts towards the reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, technologies for the production of renewable carbon-based transportation fuels are analyzed in the frame of this technical survey. Furthermore, the potentials of the renewable energy resources, the synthesis pathways, and their technical feasibility are discussed. Biomass is the most promising source for non-fossil, carbon-based fuels. Using biomass as feedstock, there are several methods of fuel generation. Furthermore, hydrogen from renewable electricity combined with CO2 as a carbon source will also be considered for renewable carbon-based fuel generation. Biomass-based fuels for transportation purposes are outlined. Liquid and gaseous alternatives to mineral-oil-based fuels: hydrogen, methanol, dimethyl ether (DME), synthetic liquid hydrocarbons and substitute natural gas (SNG) are described. Technical pathways for renewable fuel generation are discussed. The main pathways for preparing fuel from renewable energy sources are illustrated. The chapter also presents a short overview regarding the principle resources for renewable fuel production.

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Title
6 New liquid hydrocarbon fuels
Book Title
Renewable Energy
Book DOI
10.1007/b83039
Chapter DOI
10.1007/10858992_15
Part of
Landolt-Börnstein - Group VIII Advanced Materials and Technologies
Volume
3C
Editors
  • K. Heinloth Send Email (100)
  • Editor Affiliation
  • 100 Physikalisches Institut, Universität Bonn, Nußallee 12, 53115, Bonn, Germany
  • Authors
  • A. Bandi Send Email (6)
  • M. Specht Send Email (6)
  • Author Affiliation
  • 6 Zentrum für Sonnenenergie- und Wasserstoffforschung (ZSW), Stuttgart, Germany
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