Landolt-Börnstein - Group I Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms

Early Collective Expansion: Relativistic Hydrodynamics and the Transport Properties of QCD Matter

Abstract

This document is part of Volume 23 ‘Relativistic Heavy Ion Physics’ of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I ‘Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms’. It contains the Section ‘5.1 Hydrodynamics and Transport Properties of QCD Matter’ of the Chapter ‘5 Primordial Bulk Plasma Dynamics in Nuclear Collisions at RHIC’ with the content: 5.1 Hydrodynamics and Transport Properties of QCD Matter 5.1.1 Introduction 5.1.2 The equations of relativistic hydrodynamics 5.1.2.1 Ideal fluid dynamics for perfect fluids 5.1.2.2 Dissipative fluid dynamics for viscous relativistic fluids 5.1.2.3 Transport equations for the dissipative flows 5.1.2.3.1 Standard dissipative fluid dynamics (first-order or Navier-Stokes theory) 5.1.2.3.2 Second-order Israel-Stewart theory 5.1.3 The beginning and end of the hydrodynamic stage in heavy-ion collisions 5.1.3.1 Initialization 5.1.3.1.1 Glauber model 5.1.3.1.2 Color Glass Condensate theory and KLN model 5.1.3.1.3 Non-central collisions and initial fireball eccentricity 5.1.3.2 Decoupling and freeze-out 5.1.3.2.1 Two-stage decoupling 5.1.3.2.2 Final hadron momentum spectra 5.1.4 The nuclear equation of state 5.1.5 Phenomenology of the transverse expansion 5.1.5.1 Radial expansion in central collisions 5.1.5.2 Anisotropic flow in non-central collisions 5.1.6 Comparison with experiment 5.1.6.1 Azimuthally integrated momentum spectra 5.1.6.1.1 Rapidity distributions 5.1.6.1.2 Transverse momentum and transverse mass distributions at midrapidity 5.1.6.2 Anisotropic transverse momentum spectra from deformed fireballs 5.1.6.2.1 Elliptic flow as an early fireball signature 5.1.6.2.2 Elliptic flow at RHIC 5.1.6.2.3 Implications: Rapid thermalization and “strongly coupled quark-gluon plasma” (sQGP) 5.1.6.3 Signs of viscosity 5.1.6.3.1 Spectra and elliptic flow at midrapidity 5.1.6.3.2 Centrality and rapidity dependence of elliptic flow 5.1.6.3.3 Multiplicity scaling of elliptic flow 5.1.6.3.4 Towards extracting the QGP viscosity 5.1.7 Epilogue

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About this content

Title
Early Collective Expansion: Relativistic Hydrodynamics and the Transport Properties of QCD Matter
Book Title
Relativistic Heavy Ion Physics
In
Primordial Bulk Plasma Dynamics in Nuclear Collisions at RHIC
Book DOI
10.1007/978-3-642-01539-7
Chapter DOI
10.1007/978-3-642-01539-7_9
Part of
Landolt-Börnstein - Group I Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms
Volume
23
Editors
  • R. Stock Send Email (10)
  • Editor Affiliation
  • 10 Institut für Kernphysik Frankfurt, Johann-Wolfgang-Goethe-Universität Frankfurt, Max-von-Laue-Str. 1, 60438, Frankfurt, Germany
  • Authors
  • Ulrich Heinz Send Email (15_9)
  • Author Affiliation
  • 15_9 Department of Physics, Ohio State University, 191 West Woodruff Avenue, 43210, Columbus, OH, USA
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