Properties of Diamond Nanomaterials

Abstract

Nanosized diamond represents an important division of carbon nanostructures and has a large number of potential uses in many areas of science and technology, such as molecular-scale computing devices, drug delivery, material coatings, and reinforcing agents in composite material. Diamond nanostructures are defined as sp 3-hybridized carbon atoms bound to other sp 3-hybridized carbon atoms whose size in the largest performance-sensitive dimension is typically less than 100 nm. Within this division of materials there exist three primary classes or ‘dimensionalities’: pseudo-zero dimensional diamond nanoparticles, one-dimensional diamond nanowires, and two-dimensional diamond nanofilms. In this article, we present an overview of the sizes of the materials, their current and proposed uses, the methods of synthesis and characterization, and their various properties.

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Title
Properties of Diamond Nanomaterials
Book Title
Handbook of Nanomaterials Properties
Book DOI
10.1007/978-3-642-31107-9
Chapter DOI
10.1007/978-3-642-31107-9_43
Part of
Volume
Editors
  • Bharat Bhushan Send Email (1)
  • Dan Luo Send Email (2)
  • Scott R. Schricker Send Email (3)
  • Wolfgang Sigmund Send Email (4)
  • Stefan Zauscher Send Email (5)
  • Editor Affiliation
  • 1 Nanoprobe Laboratory for Bio- & Nanotechnology and Biomimetics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA
  • 2 Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • 3 Division of Restorative, Prosthetic and Primary Care, The Ohio State University, College of Dentistry, Columbus, Ohio, USA
  • 4 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA
  • 5 Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA
  • Authors
  • Tad Whiteside Send Email (6)
  • Clifford Padgett Send Email (7)
  • Amanda Mcguire Send Email (7)
  • Author Affiliation
  • 6 Savannah River National Laboratory, Bldg 773-42A, Room 250, Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC, 29808, USA
  • 7 Department of Chemistry and Physics, Armstrong Atlantic State University, 11935 Abercorn Street, Savannah, GA, 31419, USA
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