Recent Developments in Cellulose and Cellulose Derivatives/Clay Nanocomposites

Abstract

This chapter describes advances in the preparation, characterization, and application of polymer nanocomposites made up of cellulose or cellulose derivatives as matrixes and layered silicates, especially montmorillonite, as nano-sized fillers. Cellulose-based nanocomposites have been shown to be interesting polymer systems, which could find innumerous applications, such as films and membranes, textile fibers, and tissue scaffolds. This review discusses the different strategies of preparing these eco-friendly nanocomposites, including intercalation methods and filler surface modification, as well as the most recent available experimental results. Changes of cellulose and cellulose derivative properties, such as mechanical reinforcement, barrier effect, fire retardation, water absorption, and thermal stabilization, are described. This chapter concludes with a brief discussion of what still should be overcome for cellulose and cellulose derivative nanocomposites to be applied as nontoxic and renewable-based materials so as to expand their applications and become interesting options to replace conventional fossil resource-based polymers.

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Title
Recent Developments in Cellulose and Cellulose Derivatives/Clay Nanocomposites
Book Title
Handbook of Polymernanocomposites. Processing, Performance and Application
Book DOI
10.1007/978-3-642-38649-7
Chapter DOI
10.1007/978-3-642-38649-7_10
Part of
Volume
Editors
  • Jitendra K. Pandey Send Email (1)
  • Kummetha Raghunatha Reddy Send Email (2)
  • Amar Kumar Mohanty Send Email (3)
  • Manjusri Misra Send Email (4)
  • Editor Affiliation
  • 1 University of Petroleum and Energy Studies (UPES), Dehradun, India
  • 2 Department of Future Industry-Oriented Basic Science and Materials, Toyota Technological Institute, Nagoya, Japan
  • 3 Department of Plant Agriculture, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
  • 4 Department of Plant Agriculture, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
  • Authors
  • Maria do Carmo Gonçalves Send Email (5)
  • Marcia Maria Favaro Ferrarezi (5)
  • Author Affiliation
  • 5 Institute of Chemistry, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), 6154, Campinas, SP, Brazil
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