Recent Progress in the Development of Starch-Layered Silicate Nanocomposites

Abstract

Biobased composite materials have been of great interests in recent years because of the need for environmentally friendly alternatives to traditional petroleum-based plastic materials. Among potential renewable materials in eco-friendly markets, starches are considered relatively abundant and inexpensive biopolymers with good biodegradability and biocompatibility. In the presence of plasticizers, starches can be engineered using conventional thermoplastic techniques, e.g., extrusion and injection molding. However, starch-based materials have some limitations due to their inadequate mechanical properties and moisture sensitivity. The blending of nano-sized layered silicates into a starch matrix provides a range of improved properties (increased stiffness, barrier, and thermal stability). In the recent years, new modification reactions and engineering methods have been developed to increase the interfacial interaction between starch polymers and layered silicates. Using novel additives such as plasticizers and compatibilizers could facilitate the dispersion of layered silicates in the polymeric matrix and lead to starch-layered silicates with improved performance. This article covers important topics in the field of starch-layered silicate materials and also reports the most recent progress in the technologies and performance of starch-layered silicate nanocomposites.

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Title
Recent Progress in the Development of Starch-Layered Silicate Nanocomposites
Book Title
Handbook of Polymernanocomposites. Processing, Performance and Application
Book DOI
10.1007/978-3-642-38649-7
Chapter DOI
10.1007/978-3-642-38649-7_14
Part of
Volume
Editors
  • Jitendra K. Pandey Send Email (1)
  • Kummetha Raghunatha Reddy Send Email (2)
  • Amar Kumar Mohanty Send Email (3)
  • Manjusri Misra Send Email (4)
  • Editor Affiliation
  • 1 University of Petroleum and Energy Studies (UPES), Dehradun, India
  • 2 Department of Future Industry-Oriented Basic Science and Materials, Toyota Technological Institute, Nagoya, Japan
  • 3 Department of Plant Agriculture, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
  • 4 Department of Plant Agriculture, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
  • Authors
  • Yi-Lin Chung (5)
  • Hsi-Mei Lai Send Email (5)
  • Author Affiliation
  • 5 Department of Agricultural Chemistry, National Taiwan University, No. 1, Roosevelt Rd., Sec. 4, Taipei, 10617, Taiwan
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