Nanomanifestations of Cellulose: Applications for Biodegradable Composites

Abstract

High-strength and high-stiffness nanocelluloses are extracted from native cellulose which is an abundant and sustainable material. Cellulose can come with different manifestations in terms of morphologies and microstructure. The variation of cellulose morphology at the nanoscale comes from the way the material is processed or extracted. We discuss four types of nanocellulose manifestations, namely, nanocrystalline cellulose, electrospun cellulose, microfibrillated cellulose, and bacterial cellulose. The low density and biodegradable nature of these cellulose manifestations make them very desirable material. Nanocomposites prepared from cellulose are of great interest, owing to the many end-use applications. If they are to be used with hydrophobic polymers and ensure a good level of dispersion, chemical surface modification of nanocelluloses is necessary. In addition to the interfacial characteristics, the nanocellulose morphology can also dictate the processing method of the nanocomposites. In this chapter, we put particular emphasis on two important applications of nanocellulose-reinforced biodegradable polymers: packaging and tissue engineering.

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Title
Nanomanifestations of Cellulose: Applications for Biodegradable Composites
Book Title
Handbook of Polymer Nanocomposites. Processing, Performance and Application
Book DOI
10.1007/978-3-642-45232-1
Chapter DOI
10.1007/978-3-642-45232-1_60
Part of
Volume
Editors
  • Jitendra K. Pandey Send Email (1)
  • Hitoshi Takagi Send Email (2)
  • Antonio Norio Nakagaito Send Email (3)
  • Hyun-Joong Kim Send Email (4)
  • Editor Affiliation
  • 1 University of Petroleum and Energy Studies (UPES), Dehradun, India
  • 2 Advanced Materials Division, Institute of Technology and Science, The University of Tokushima, Tokushima, Japan
  • 3 Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokushima, Tokushima, Japan
  • 4 College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
  • Authors
  • Raed Hashaikeh Send Email (5)
  • Parakalan Krishnamachari Send Email (5)
  • Yarjan Abdul Samad Send Email (5)
  • Author Affiliation
  • 5 Materials Science and Engineering Program, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, Abu Dhabi, 54224, United Arab Emirates
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