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Extraction of Cellulose Nanofibers from Cotton Linter and Their Composites

Abstract

For some time now, nanocellulose has been at the focus of a good deal of industrial and scientific interest as a novel biomaterial due to their wide abundance, their renewability, and their outstanding mechanical properties. Cellulose is the most abundant biopolymer on earth, derived from a variety of living species. Cotton linter is the by-product from cotton textile and has high cellulose content, beside pectins, proteinaceous matter, waxes, ash, and minor soluble polysaccharides. As an essentially regenerative natural resource, it has been applied widely owing to its low cost. This chapter provides an overview of the recent research on the fundamental and composite properties of nanoparticles extracted from cotton linter. It contains a general introduction to cellulose and basic techniques of nanocellulose preparation with its properties. The incorporation of nanocellulose in composite materials including processing methods and properties is also presented.

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About this content

Title
Extraction of Cellulose Nanofibers from Cotton Linter and Their Composites
Book Title
Handbook of Polymer Nanocomposites. Processing, Performance and Application
Book DOI
10.1007/978-3-642-45232-1
Chapter DOI
10.1007/978-3-642-45232-1_76
Part of
Volume
Editors
  • Jitendra K. Pandey Send Email (1)
  • Hitoshi Takagi Send Email (2)
  • Antonio Norio Nakagaito Send Email (3)
  • Hyun-Joong Kim Send Email (4)
  • Editor Affiliation
  • 1 University of Petroleum and Energy Studies (UPES), Dehradun, India
  • 2 Advanced Materials Division, Institute of Technology and Science, The University of Tokushima, Tokushima, Japan
  • 3 Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokushima, Tokushima, Japan
  • 4 College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
  • Authors
  • Maha M. Ibrahim Send Email (5)
  • Waleed K. El-Zawawy Send Email (5)
  • Author Affiliation
  • 5 Cellulose and Paper Department, National Research Center, El-Tahrir St., Dokki, Giza, Egypt
  • Cite this content

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