Alginate Blends with Other Polysaccharides

Abstract

Calcium alginate fibers intended for wound dressing applications were mixed with another polysaccharide branan ferulate which is a recognized polymer for wound dressing and treating ulcers and sores [03Mir]. The influence of the alginates supplied by different companies and the addition of ferulate on the mechanical properties were studied. Up to 75 % ferulate could be added to selected types of alginates without sacrificing the tensile properties. Dry tenacities of the fibers varied from 0.2 to 1.6 g/den, and elongation was between 10 and 40 %. In a similar research, calcium alginate fibers were blended with konjac glucomannan (KGM) and later treated with silver nitrate to impart antimicrobial activity, and the properties of the blend fibers were studied. The addition of KGM increased the dry strength but decreased the wet strength. It was suggested that KGM and alginate had good compatibility, and the addition of silver imparted good antimicrobial activity [07Fan]. In this research, dry tenacity of the pure alginate fiber was 1.2 g/den, and elongation was 18 %. The addition of KGM increased the strength up to 1.6 g/den and elongation up to 34 %. Substantial increase in water retention was seen with the retention value being 1,000 % with 70 % KGM compared to 91 % without KGM. Fibers treated with silver had higher than 99.99 % bacterial reduction to S. aureus. Wet strength of the fibers varied between 0.04 and 0.3 g/den, considerably lower than the dry strength.

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Title
Alginate Blends with Other Polysaccharides
Book Title
Innovative Biofibers from Renewable Resources
In
Chitin, Chitosan, and Alginate Fibers
Book DOI
10.1007/978-3-662-45136-6
Chapter DOI
10.1007/978-3-662-45136-6_30
Part of
Volume
Editors
Authors
  • Narendra Reddy (3)
  • Yiqi Yang (4)
  • Author Affiliation
  • 3 Centre for Emerging Technologies, Jain University, Bangalore, India
  • 4 Department of Textiles, Merchandising and Fashion Design, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, USA
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