Mussel Byssus Fibers

Abstract

Marine animals such as mussels produce fibrous attachments generally called byssus as shown in Fig. 41.1. Each thread in a byssus is about 2–3 cm long and about 100–200 μm in diameter [13Lin]. Byssal threads were reportedly woven into fabric in Greece to produce fine clothing [07Ald]. These byssal threads have extraordinary structural arrangement and properties not seen in other protein fibers. The thread consists of two regions, the distal portion (threads) which is rigid and stiff and the proximal region (threads) that is approximately 50-fold less stiff than the distal threads due to the unique composition and structure of the proteins in the threads [01Vac].

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Title
Mussel Byssus Fibers
Book Title
Innovative Biofibers from Renewable Resources
In
Natural Protein Fibers
Book DOI
10.1007/978-3-662-45136-6
Chapter DOI
10.1007/978-3-662-45136-6_41
Part of
Volume
Editors
Authors
  • Narendra Reddy (3)
  • Yiqi Yang (4)
  • Author Affiliation
  • 3 Centre for Emerging Technologies, Jain University, Bangalore, India
  • 4 Department of Textiles, Merchandising and Fashion Design, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, USA
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