Electrospun Fibers from Synthetic Biopolymers

Abstract

Synthetic biopolymers such as PLA, PEG, and PHBV that are considered to be suitable for medical applications have been made into electrospun structures. Unique crimped and bicomponent nanofibers were produced from high shrinkage polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT). The polymers were separately dissolved and electrospun into the same collector from different sources and with opposite charges. Such an arrangement led to the attraction between the oppositely charged polymers and formation of twisted fibers. Such twisted fibers were also produced from polyurethane and polyacrylonitrile and termed as artificial wool [12Li]. Figure 60.1a–d shows SEM images of the twisted fibers obtained with an average diameter of about 800 nm [12Li].

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Title
Electrospun Fibers from Synthetic Biopolymers
Book Title
Innovative Biofibers from Renewable Resources
In
Electrospun Fibers from Biopolymers
Book DOI
10.1007/978-3-662-45136-6
Chapter DOI
10.1007/978-3-662-45136-6_60
Part of
Volume
Editors
Authors
  • Narendra Reddy (3)
  • Yiqi Yang (4)
  • Author Affiliation
  • 3 Centre for Emerging Technologies, Jain University, Bangalore, India
  • 4 Department of Textiles, Merchandising and Fashion Design, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, USA
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