Introduction to Biocomposites from Renewable Resources

Abstract

The term “biocomposites” has been widely used to denote composites that are made using either the matrix or reinforcement or both from renewable resources that are biodegradable. Conventionally, biocomposites were developed using natural cellulose fibers such as jute and flax as reinforcement to replace glass fibers with polypropylene, polyethylene, epoxy, and other synthetic polymer-based matrices. The advent of biopolyesters such as poly(lactic acid) and poly(hydroxy alkoanates) led to a quantum jump in the research on developing biocomposites using both the matrix and reinforcement from renewable resources. In addition, efforts were made to utilize agricultural by-products such as corn stover, wheat straw, and coir fibers as reinforcement resulting in inexpensive and renewable composites. However, biopolyesters such as poly(lactic acid) are considerably more expensive and also do not have the performance properties comparable to that of the traditional synthetic polymers such as polypropylene and polyethylene. Therefore, resins/matrices have also been developed from agricultural byproducts. For instance, soy proteins and wheat gluten have been used as matrix in their native form and also after various chemical modifications.

Cite this page

References (0)

About this content

Title
Introduction to Biocomposites from Renewable Resources
Book Title
Innovative Biofibers from Renewable Resources
In
Biocomposites from Renewable Resources
Book DOI
10.1007/978-3-662-45136-6
Chapter DOI
10.1007/978-3-662-45136-6_67
Part of
Volume
Editors
Authors
  • Narendra Reddy (3)
  • Yiqi Yang (4)
  • Author Affiliation
  • 3 Centre for Emerging Technologies, Jain University, Bangalore, India
  • 4 Department of Textiles, Merchandising and Fashion Design, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, USA
  • Cite this content

    Citation copied