Porous Lightweight Composites Reinforced with Natural and Agricultural By-Product-Based Fibrous Structures

Abstract

Fibrous structures allow improvement of specific properties of lightweight composites, which are preferred in the transportation industry due to energy and cost savings. Because of environmental concerns and regulations for optimum gas mileage requirement, lightweight composites with reinforcing fibers, especially from renewable resources, present solutions not only for automotive composite manufacturing but also for environmental concerns. The focus of this chapter is automotive composites where natural fibers are already put in place by almost all of the major original equipment manufacturers (OEMs). A summary of natural and agricultural waste-based substrates and feathers has been presented. Biodegradable matrix polymers and resins have been briefly investigated. Previous research on porous and lightweight fiber-reinforced composites have been reviewed, and specifically five different composites by this author have been discussed, which are based on feather quill, feather fibers, chemically extracted cornhusk, mechanically split cornhusk, and bamboo strips. Based on the research, it is evident that comparable and even superior composites can be manufactured utilizing natural and agricultural waste-based substrates, which may potentially lead to higher profit margin for the farmers in addition to addressing the environmental concerns.

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Title
Porous Lightweight Composites Reinforced with Natural and Agricultural By-Product-Based Fibrous Structures
Book Title
Porous lightweight composites reinforced with fibrous structures
Book DOI
10.1007/978-3-662-53804-3
Chapter DOI
10.1007/978-3-662-53804-3_11
Part of
Volume
Editors
  • Yiqi Yang Send Email (1)
  • Jianyong Yu Send Email (2)
  • Helan Xu Send Email (3)
  • Baozhong Sun Send Email (4)
  • Editor Affiliation
  • 1 Department of Textiles, Merchandising and Fashion Design, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA
  • 2 College of Textiles, Donghua University, Shanghai, China
  • 3 Department of Textiles, Merchandising and Fashion Design, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA
  • 4 College of Textiles, Donghua University, Shanghai, China
  • Authors
  • Shah Huda Send Email (5)
  • Author Affiliation
  • 5 University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Alumni, Corning Optical Communications LLC, Winston-Salem, NC, 27107, USA
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