High-Performance Composites and Their Applications

Abstract

High-performance composites (HPC), composed of reinforcement (fibers, particles, fillers, etc.) and matrix (polymers, metals, ceramics, etc.), are used widely as advanced materials. Oriented continuous fibers as reinforcements primarily determine strength and modulus. Fiber reinforcements in HPC are spun from materials, including not only carbon, glass, and aramid but also ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHWPE), ceramic, quartz, boron, and new polymers, such as poly(p-phenylene benzobisthiazole) (PBO). Matrixes in HPC are mainly polymers, such as epoxy resin, Bakelite resin, unsaturated polyester resin, etc. Matrix holds the reinforcement to form the desired shape, while the reinforced material improves the overall properties. High-performance composites have been widely used to aviation, aerospace, transportation, military defense, and so on because of their excellent properties, lightweight, low cost, etc. They have increasingly replaced traditional materials such as some metals and their alloys. In this research work, the high-performance fibers and their preforms, high-performance resins, manufacturing methods, mechanical properties of high-performance composites, and their applications are reviewed.

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Title
High-Performance Composites and Their Applications
Book Title
Porous lightweight composites reinforced with fibrous structures
Book DOI
10.1007/978-3-662-53804-3
Chapter DOI
10.1007/978-3-662-53804-3_13
Part of
Volume
Editors
  • Yiqi Yang Send Email (1)
  • Jianyong Yu Send Email (2)
  • Helan Xu Send Email (3)
  • Baozhong Sun Send Email (4)
  • Editor Affiliation
  • 1 Department of Textiles, Merchandising and Fashion Design, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA
  • 2 College of Textiles, Donghua University, Shanghai, China
  • 3 Department of Textiles, Merchandising and Fashion Design, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA
  • 4 College of Textiles, Donghua University, Shanghai, China
  • Authors
  • Baozhong Sun Send Email (5)
  • Jianyong Yu (5)
  • Author Affiliation
  • 5 College of Textiles, Donghua University, 201620, Shanghai, China
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