Nanomaterials in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

Abstract

With the rapid development of modern science and technology in the current society, environmental conservation and taking advantage of new energy sources have become the core strategies of sustainable development for society. Micro-energy technology has boasted a huge potential in market demand and attracted a great deal of interest in research and development since it is safe, efficient, and environmentally friendly and meets the goals for portable devices on the exterior, weight, and endurance. Although significant advancements have been achieved for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) in recent years, PEMFCs still suffer from the key problems of low power density and fuel utilization, which are related, respectively, to poor reaction kinetics and methanol permeation through the membrane (viz., methanol crossover). Nanomaterials recently have attracted lots of attention owing to their distinguishing physical and chemical characteristics. Among them, carbon-based nanostructured materials such as graphene (G) and carbon nanotube (CNTs) have been successfully applied in fuel cells. PEMFC combined with nanostructured materials has remarkable improvements compared with the traditional fuel cells.

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Title
Nanomaterials in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells
Book Title
Nanostructured Materials for Next-Generation Energy Storage and Conversion
Book DOI
10.1007/978-3-662-56364-9
Chapter DOI
10.1007/978-3-662-56364-9_7
Part of
Volume
Editors
  • Fan Li Send Email (1)
  • Sajid Bashir Send Email (2)
  • Jingbo Louise Liu Send Email (3)
  • Editor Affiliation
  • 1 Beijing Key Laboratory for Catalysis and Separation, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering College of Environmental and Energy Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing, China
  • 2 Department of Chemistry, Texas A&M University-Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA
  • 3 Department of Chemistry, Texas A&M University-Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA
  • Authors
  • Yufeng Zhang Send Email (4)
  • Rui Xue (4)
  • Weijian Yuan (4)
  • Xiaowei Liu (4)
  • Author Affiliation
  • 4 MEMS Center, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China
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