Surface Engineering Design of Alumina-Matrix Composites

Abstract

The three-dimensional lubricating layer on a ceramic surface realizes the integration of the structure and lubricating function in ceramic materials, which can achieve outstanding lubricating properties and maintain the excellent mechanical properties of ceramics, solving the special lubrication and wear failure in mechanical systems under extreme conditions (e.g., corrosive environment and wide-temperature range condition). In this chapter, two kinds of surface-lubricating structural-laminated ceramics with high reliability were designed and prepared based on experiment research and theoretical simulation. These ceramics can achieve stable and effective lubrication in a water environment and wide-temperature range condition. These materials are Al2O3/Ni- and Al2O3/Mo-laminated composites suitable for use in a water environment and in wide-temperature range conditions, respectively. The relation between the surface microstructure of the prepared materials and their properties (mechanical and tribological) was investigated. Results indicated that the integration of the structure and lubricating function of the ceramic composites is realized through the bionic, surface microstructure, and three-dimensional self-lubricating design of the materials, further improving their lubricating and practical properties. Factors that can influence the tribological behavior and wear failure of the above materials were proposed through the systematic study of the tribological behavior under different environments and test conditions, as well as the relation among the structure, composition, and properties of these two kinds of materials. In addition, theoretical models of the relation between the structural parameters and performance of the materials were built. These methods provided theories and technologies for the preparation and application of high performance lubricating materials that can be used in corrosive and wide-temperature range environments.

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Title
Surface Engineering Design of Alumina-Matrix Composites
Book Title
Self-Lubricating Composites
Book DOI
10.1007/978-3-662-56528-5
Chapter DOI
10.1007/978-3-662-56528-5_8
Part of
Volume
Editors
  • Pradeep L. Menezes Send Email (1)
  • Pradeep K. Rohatgi Send Email (2)
  • Emad Omrani Send Email (3)
  • Editor Affiliation
  • 1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Nevada Reno, Reno, Nevada, USA
  • 2 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
  • 3 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
  • Authors
  • Yongsheng Zhang Send Email (4)
  • Hengzhong Fan (4) (5)
  • Litian Hu (4)
  • Yuan Fang (4)
  • Junjie Song (4) (5)
  • Author Affiliation
  • 4 State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, China
  • 5 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
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