Introduction to Engineered Cementitious Composites (ECC)
This chapter provides a broad introduction to Engineered Cementitious Composites (ECC). It describes the historical development of concrete material and the motivation behind the development of ECC. Specifically, the need for further concrete material development for enhancing infrastructure resilience, durability, sustainability, and smartness is discussed. These desirable infrastructure characteristics serve as the backdrop for much of the research and development behind ECC over the last decades.